The Taj Mahal (Crown of the Palace) is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001

The most outstanding monument built by Emperor Shahjahan is the Taj Mahal at Agra. It is on the bank of River Yamuna. This grand mausoleum was built in the memory of his beloved Queen Mumtaj Mahal. It has been described as “a dream in marble designed by fairies and completed by jewelers.”

It is made of pure white marble. As a monument of love “it is unsur­passed in the world.” It stands on a platform of 8.5 meters height. The mausoleum rises to a height of 32.4 meters. It is surmounted by cupolas at each corner. The bulbous dome in the centre of the cupolas has the ap­pearance of an inverted lotus.

There are four smaller domes at the four corners of the building. Four minarets stand at each corner of the terrace. The outer walls and the inte­rior walls are richly decorated with ex­quisite inlay work and calligraphy.

The mausoleum is surrounded by beautiful gardens and fountains. It is an spectacular example of Mughal Ar­chitecture and one of the seven wonders of the world.


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